Now, he was a public persona.
He was one of the few professors with a noble title: it gave the university a certain cachet. His permanent appointment as a professor in was in one sense a mere formality, but it was also seen as a great honour.
The exacting regimen dividing the day neatly into sections, noted in by George Ticknor, the strict separation of work and leisure, had been his method of accommodating both scholarly needs and social commitments. Yet his day, with its set course laid down, had echoes of a kind of Brahmanic ritual, not in any detail of course, and without any kind of religious foundation except the achievement of some kind of inner tranquillity; the desire, as he set it out in , to act as teacher, counsellor, a kind of secular priest of scholarship and learning.
His personal neatness and fastidiousness his frequent baths could therefore not be put down solely to vanity, but were part of the persona of the scholar-ascetic. He relied on her implicitly, and there developed between them a kind of affection, separated of course by status and natural deference.
At her death, he mourned her like a member of his family.
She coped with the running of this huge house, the many visitors, the generous hospitality he extended. The letters they exchanged during his absences from Bonn form a kind of domestic counterbalance to the Broglie correspondence, behind which are similarly unseen persons who minister and wait. No wonder that Schlegel complained of eyesight problems not helped by consulting an incompetent oculist in Paris in or reading Sanskrit manuscripts in various states of legibility.
The candles on the lectern when he lectured in the university were not, as Heine was maliciously to maintain, part of an elaborate ritual of self-promotion, but a simple aid to reading. Image in the public domain. When the king visited Bonn in and astounded the local populace by making his advent in a steamboat, it was Schlegel who delivered the carmen. To Coleridge may go the honour just of the first poem about a steamship, and Turner may have exploited in more spectacular fashion the effects of smoke, sky and water, but Schlegel is surely the first and doubtless the last to have essayed it in Latin.
It was to be enlivened with frescoes. He encouraged them to work according to the best authenticated images. Schlegel might go riding as rector he encouraged his hearers to do so , or go out in his carriage with Wehrden as coachman to take the air.
If it did not scale new heights in Bonn, it achieved a breadth and scope unattained elsewhere. True, he still enjoyed the rhetorical gesture to a larger audience and took an almost homiletical pleasure in the spoken word. Schlegel, similarly, took seriously his role as an academic teacher and mentor.
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In Jena, he had attempted too much and had extended himself too far; in Berlin, the grand schemes of art and literature had failed to cohere and were fragmented; in Vienna, the subdivision into Ancient and Modern was not without its forced character. Nevertheless it is possible to discern links with his Bonn lectures—inasmuch as we have them, for of the over thirty sets of lectures given in various guises and permutations, only seven of his scripts have survived. He had enough material from Berlin and Vienna to lecture on Romance literatures, on German poetry likewise.
The lectures on the fine arts had first been drafted in the early Berlin cycle, were partly published in Prometheus in , and were to form the basis of the only public series that he gave in later life outside of the university, those in Berlin in There are indications of adjustments or verbal qualifications that he made as he went along. With the exception of those lectures on the fine arts they were not destined to have an immediate afterlife except in the minds and memories of his student hearers. Their exclusion from the standard edition of his works means that we as readers are deprived of a substantial part of his later intellectual output.
A gentleman told me the other day to be sure and call on him as he would feel flattered by having an Englishman to attend his lectures, and he liked to hear himself talk English. Schlegel was first known by his critical writings and his lectures on Dramatic Literature.
Then appeared his great work, a translation of Shakespeare. He is now about 65 and occupies himself principally with oriental literature. His lecture today was interesting from the situation of the author. When a man gives us the history of literature he gives us in some measure the history of himself. His delivery is clear, distinct, melodious. In hearing this purely literary lecture the students present the same earnestness and attention.
Most people depended on literary depictions in travelogues for an impression of a great ape. Schindler PDF Download. The dance of political representation has disappeared, to be replaced by the wacky body parts wobbling in Negro chaos. He knew the founder, Rudolf Steiner , quite well, and another prominent anthroposophist, Elisabeth von Thadden , was a cousin. In: Bann der Gewalt. Even if only a few German texts between the early 19th and early 20th century portray great apes as main protagonists these texts are noteworthy because they clearly take up older discourses to discuss current questions of education, cultivation and civilization. Ketzereien by Alexander Moszkowski Book 9 editions published between and in German and Undetermined and held by 40 WorldCat member libraries worldwide.
They all take copious notes. The utmost silence prevails. No one enters after the lecture has commenced. When it terminates, they sit still until the Lecturer has left the Hall[…] Karl Windischmann in Bonn was an extreme example, being a professor in two faculties; but historians and philosophers lecturing on aesthetics or the history of literature were not uncommon, witness the cases elsewhere of Hegel, Gervinus or Hettner; Karl Lachmann in Berlin was a classical scholar who also edited German medieval texts.
It had also been one of the first instances of an association between a French and a German scholar on a subject in Romance literature, soon to be augmented by his close relationship with Claude-Charles Fauriel. The same happened when August Ferdinand Naeke died in and Schlegel reasserted his right to lecture on classics. His public lectures on Ancient History would enable him to draw on all the resources of language, history, geography, ethnography, and give a universal conspectus of human civilization.
Similarly, no other professor could command the range of competence and experience that went into his public cycle on Academic Study. And how many? From the early s, non-German students occur in his lists, mainly from England George Toynbee being but one. It was a deciding factor in the education of the two young Saxe-Coburg princes, Ernst and Albert. The classes on Sanskrit were private, but most of them also attended other lectures by him, above all his star pupil Christian Lassen from Bergen in Norway, his assistant, his colleague and then his successor.
Their letters express thanks and respect. That would be the formal side.
But whether the lectures contain large sections of informative material, dilate for instance on the notion of aesthetics and the subdivisions of the art forms, or trace German poetry from its beginnings down to the present day, there is always the underlying theme of origins. Many people have had no history at all, at least not such as would deserve a place in universal history.
Anyway, contributed nothing to the development of human capabilities.
Isolated position of several very civilized peoples. Only rare contacts between Europe and inner Asia. No contacts at all between Europe and the centre of Africa, with America, etc. Comparison of the history of the whole human race with a river with several arms, whose source and mouth are unknown. But main outlines are there.
Statistics of all states, if that was possible]. Survey of oikumene [community of nations] according to our present geographical knowledge and general traits, the ethnographical task of universal history, to explain the present state of the human race by linking cause and effect and tracing down to the earliest beginnings. The more recent can be solved by its being closer, but perhaps never completely. Inaugural lecture.
What is and to what end do we study universal history? My view of it. Wrong about the age, in which he was caught up. Nescia mens hominum fati sortisque futurae [The mind of men ignorant of fate or future destiny]. He is also restating his Hemsterhuisian beginnings that informed his Berlin lectures on the same subject. He is also acutely aware that art reflects the highest strivings in all areas of human endeavour; that as such the work of art cannot be seen in isolation from religion, customs, mythology, poetry, politics, mores , and style of living. It may have come to him through Herder or Hemsterhuis or Novalis.
While, says Schlegel, we do not know with any certainty where the Germanic peoples came from, we can adduce linguistic evidence to supply what is lacking in historical documentation. All of this gives historical authenticity and dignity to the Nibelungenlied , in a later form of Germanic, and invests it with the same venerability as the epic poetry of Persia and India.
We will of course wish to show the development of religion through sacred writings, while aware that they contain no ultimate explanations: the biblical Flood, for instance, is for Schlegel but one account among many of a terrestrial catastrophe in deep time. Instead, we will use the insights of Protestant hermeneutics and of philological criticism to illuminate religious and priestly record. There had been in plans to complete the circumnavigation that had been broken off in South America, now to take in India and Tibet the East India Company, however, was not letting a pronounced liberal like Humboldt into its territories.
He may also have been slightly teasing Schlegel, knowing that the editor of the Indische Bibliothek was never going to concede any superiority over India, the cradle of all cultures, especially not from practitioners of human sacrifice. Yet they agreed to differ over a number of crucial points. They agreed on the task of the historian, to present facts not a philosophy , but to do so creatively and with imagination.
But they were to disagree publicly and radically on the role of translation, for Humboldt never more than a pis-aller , for Schlegel the gateway to alien cultures. From the very outset of my career as a writer I had made it my especial business to bring to light forgotten and unrecognized material. In this way, I had to some extent exhausted European literature and turned to Asia to provide a new adventure. It was a good choice: for in the later years of life it is an amusing diversion to solve riddles; and here I need not worry about running out of material.
Leaving aside the historical importance, the philosophical and poetical content, the very form of the language would draw me, which in comparison with its younger sisters provides such remarkable insights into the laws of language formation. Of course it is no such thing.
leondumoulin.nl/language/drama/guardians-of-the-galaxy-1990-1995.php He was also, as we saw, lecturing in Bonn on the widest spectrum of European, of world, literature.